Gambling And the 20th Century Rulers Part 4
Robert Gabriel Mugabe appeared on the 21st of February, 1924 in the town of Kutama on the territory of current Zimbabwe. Before coming to power in 1987 he slotxokings had spent 11 years in prisoner of war camp for engagement in the national liberation movement. Robert Mugabe is famous, firstly, for his anti-American claims, as well as for the fact that in 2005 he the inflation reached the record 502% in the new 21st century.
Interestingly, but at the peak of inflation growth speaking in front of the journalists the director of Zimbabwe declared that the population of his country was “very happy”. What it meant to be “very happy” the director knew not through hearsay. Lots of years ago Mugabe won hawaii lottery’s main prize in the amount of 2 639 dollars. Oddly, but only those citizens took part in this lottery who had accounts in the National Bank of Zimbabwe, when it reaches this for every 135 dollars there was only one lottery ticket. Naturally, under the name of the current director there was registered the record number of tickets, that is why the prize did not keep him waiting for a long time. They say, the results of the lottery upset the citizens of Zimbabwe very much.
Robert Mugabe is a very temperamental person and a typical gambler of course. A lot of his statements are made in a burst of passion and excitement. By the way, the attitude of the director towards gaming industry is not at all bad: there are several casinos opened in the country, as well as race tracks with the totalizator, left to the Zimbabwean from English colonizers.
Augusto Pinochet appeared on the 25th of Nov, 1915, in a Chile resort town of Valparaiso. In September 1973 he organized a putsch up against the director of Chile Allende and after his killing took the post of the head of the state. Like many other “heroes” of the 20th century, he was named by mass fear in relation to the “otherwise-minded”.
General Pinochet was quite a inappropriate and questionable person, but under his rule hyperinflation was stopped and economic growth began.
The Chilean dictator had a damaging attitude towards gaming industry, and there were no gambling-houses in the country during his rule. However, he had rather a loyal attitude to holding circumstances lottery. Maybe it was because the control over profits from lotteries was entrusted to his daughter Lucia Pinochet Hiriart?
Only after a few years upon retirement of Pinochet under the director Eduardo Free a new casino was opened in the country in 1997.
At present Augusto Pinochet is in Chile under house arrest and is awaiting the trial for evasion from tax payment. The trial, by the way, perhaps, will not even take place because of his age and extremely bad heath.
We can continue mentioning great dictators and rulers of the 20th century and state about their attitude to gaming industry. Iosip Broz Tito, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, Idi Amin, Joseph Desire Mobutu, Muammar Gaddafi, Suharto, Thieu, Somoza, Marcos, Pol Pot, Ceausescu, Bokassa, Hissene Habre, Chombe, Franco, Duvalier, Mengistu Haile Mariam, Batista, Salazar and others had different attitude to gaming. Some, like Marcos and Batista, liked it a lot, while others, like Gaddafi and Ceausescu, didn’t give it even a chance for existence.
When playing in The world all power was in the hands of the general Franco Bahamonde Francisco, people were even afraid of talking about gambling-houses, but as soon as he died and the noble throne was occupied by Juan Carlos I, there were at once opened a number of casinos in the country. While Batista favoured gaming games, Fidel Castro, who substituted him, banned them at once. And it is clear. Batista was an American protégé, and Fidel was the one who conducted American imperialism. That is why casinos simply lost like.
A lot of rulers of the 20th century were quite venturesome celebrities having revealed their excitable skills in governmental policies, and not on the cloth of the gaming table in the gambling-house. Who knows, if their passion had been linked to visiting of gaming establishments, perhaps, our planet would be quieter.
Total struggle against gaming in the 20th century was under way only in one, when it reaches this “the most democratic” country : the usa. And after repressions, which failed, gaming industry there not only continued to exist, but started to flourish. The ideas of Marxism-Leninism did not give the right of existence of gaming establishments in the countries that chose the way of rise to glorious future in the form of communism, since the norms of the given ideology prescribed earning money by way of work, and not in the hours of entertaining pastime. Countries practising traditional Islam do not allow gaming industry on their territory as per their faith based dogma. In some niches, Muslim Egypt, Tunis, Morocco and Lebanon have opened gambling-houses. The same was done by the Korean Republic, having demonstrated that ideology is ideology however if the country needs to earn money for the budget, gaming industry won’t hinder it.
Totalitarianism and gaming are not connected with each other at all. The cornerstone of struggle against gaming industry in 99 cases out of 100 is not the desire to protect the the law and interests of the citizens and the society, but the most slight desire to win votes of people which any party, vying to come to power, pursues. Governmental policies is rather a subtle thing.